Biology

Degrees and Certificates

Classes

BIO 1101 : Biology

General principles, cells and energy, hereditary mechanisms, survey of organisms, evolution and ecological principles. For non-biologists who do not plan a more extensive study of biology. Open to VSB majors.

Credits

3

BIO 1181 : Microbiology and Genetics

The structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; microbial classification; control of microbial growth, principles of disease; pathogenic mechanisms; host defenses. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic gene organization and function; analysis of patterns of inheritance; recombinant DNA technology; linkage and genetic maps, genetic variation in human populations; inheritance, diagnosis and treatment of metabolic disease; cytogenetics; immunogenetics; cancer; developmental genetics. Open to Nursing majors.

Credits

3

BIO 1205 : Human Anatomy & Physiology I

Basic concepts and laboratory studies of anatomy and physiology with presentation of overall morphology and function of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems. Designed primarily for Nursing majors and students interested in allied health professions.

Credits

4

BIO 1206 : Human Anatomy & Physiology II

Continuation of Biology 1205. The structure and function of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, and immune systems. Designed primarily for Nursing majors and students interested in allied health professions.

Credits

4

BIO 1903 : Internship Elective

Open to BIO and BSC majors.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :Y :D- or HON 1075 :Y :D-) and (BIO 2106 :Y :D- or HON 1076 :Y :D-)

BIO 1906 : Internship Elective

Open to BIO and BSC majors.

Credits

6

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :Y :D- or HON 1075 :Y :D-) and (BIO 2106 :Y :D- or HON 1076 :Y :D-)

BIO 1955 : Lec&Lab Free Elective in Bio

Selected topics in biological and interdisciplinary studies with lectures and accompanying lab. Will not count for biology credit for the major or minor.

Credits

4

BIO 2101 : General Biology I Lecture

The lecture portion of Bio 2105. An introduction to biological organization stressing the molecular and cellular aspects of living organisms. The chemistry of life, the cell, the gene, and mechanisms of evolution.

Credits

3

BIO 2105 : General Biology I

An introduction to biological organization stressing the molecular and cellular aspects of living organisms. The chemistry of life, the cell, the gene, and mechanisms of evolution.

Credits

4

BIO 2106 : General Biology II

The origin of life and diversity of organisms seen in five biological kingdoms. Topics include nutrient acquisition, digestion, circulation, response to stimuli, movement, reproduction, behavior, and ecology.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-

BIO 2993 : Internship

Open to BIO and BSC majors.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :Y :D- or HON 1705 :Y :D-) and (BIO 2106 :Y :D- or HON 1076 :Y :D-)

BIO 2996 : Internship

Open to BIO and BSC majors.

Credits

6

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :Y :D- or HON 1705 :Y :D-) and (BIO 2106 :Y :D- or HON 1076 :Y :D-)

BIO 3015 : Animal Behavior

Lecture topics cover communication, foraging, territoriality, mating systems, parental behavior, and social organization. Laboratories include collection, statistical analysis, and interpretation of behavioral data, culminating in a small-group independent research project.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (BIO 2106 or HON 1076)

BIO 3055 : Animal Physiology

The basic principles underlying how animals function and the mechanisms used to solve physiological problems.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3105 : Biostatistics & Exp Design

The conceptualization of experimental design, hypothesis testing, execution of statistical analyses, written and oral expression of statistical results, and effective graphical presentation of quantitative data.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (BIO 2106 or HON 1076)

BIO 3155 : Comparative Anatomy

Evolution of homologous structures of vertebrates including functional considerations. Laboratory includes systematic and topical dissection of representative chordates and demonstrations of living organisms' functions.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3225 : Imaging Technology

Introduction to imaging technologies, including light and fluorescent microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Course covers both theoretical and applied microscopy.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3255 : Evolutionary Ecology

Factors affecting the distribution, abundance, and interactions of organisms. Climate patterns, biomes, physiological adaption, behavioral ecology, population dynamics, species interactions, biodiversity, and conservation ecology. Emphasis on community level of organization and below; complements BIO 3385 Global Change Ecology. Hypothesis testing using statistical analysis of data.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3351 : Genetics

Transmission, molecular, evolutionary and population genetics, gene regulation and genomics. Heredity; how genetic information is stored, regulated and transferred; how genes interact and relate to phenotype. Tutorials develop problem-solving and bioinformatics skills, and provide a forum for discussion. Chemistry pre-requisites may be taken concurrently.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (CHM 1151 and CHM 1103) or (CHM 1311 and CHM 1301)

BIO 3385 : Global Change Ecology

Roles of ecology in documenting, responding, feeding back to, and mitigating human-caused changes to Earth's chemistry, geography and climate. Laboratories include ecological techniques, such as carbon flux measurements, and independent research projects. Emphasis on ecosystem-level processes with global consequences; complements BIO 3255 Evolutionary Ecology.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 3405 : Higher Vertebrates

Evolutionary history, diversification and basic biology of birds and mammals: ecological and physiological adaptations, reproductive biology, social behavior, population ecology, life history strategies, taxonomy and identification. Field trips.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3455 : Histology

The microscopic study and demonstration of cells, tissues and organ systems of the mammalian body.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3485 : Marine Biology

An introduction to chemical, physical and geological oceanography; the biology and ecology of marine organisms (Plankton, seaweeds, invertebrates, fishes, sea birds, marine mammals); and the comparative ecology of marine communities and ecosystems (estuaries, rocky intertidal, kelp forests, coral reefs, the deep sea and hydrothermal vents).

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (BIO 2106 or HON 1076)

BIO 3525 : Entomology

Lecture includes anatomy, sensory systems, physiological adaptations, reproductive biology, social behavior and interactions with humans. Laboratory includes functional morphology, ecology and taxonomy of preserved and collected specimens. Complements Invertebrate Zoology, which covers freshwater and marine invertebrates.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 3555 : Lower Vertebrates

The biology of fishes, amphibians and reptiles: systematic and morphological diversity, physiological, reproductive and behavioral adaptations, ecology, and evolution. Required field trips to representative local habitats.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3595 : General Microbiology

Bacteria, viruses, eukaryotic microbes, immune function. Microbes in air, water, soil: interactions with plants and animals. Agricultural, commercial, industrial, and medical applications. Laboratory studies in growth and analysis of selected organisms/viruses.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-)

BIO 3661 : Environment and Human Health

Presentation and discussion of scientific aspects of topics relating to the environment and human health. Specific topics covered vary, but could include biodiversity and health, ecosystem services, infectious diseases, climate change, endocrine disruption, food production (including GMOs), and urban ecology.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 and BIO 2106) or (GEV 1050 and GEV 1051)

BIO 3905 : Vascular Plants

Organization of the vascular plant body, plant reproduction and development, systematic and environmental considerations, tissue culture and hormonal regulation.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 3950 : Special Topics in Biology

Coverage of current topics in biology. Topics will be announced on a semester-by-semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 3955 : Lec+Lab in Topics in Biology

Coverage of current topics in biology with lectures and accompanying lab. Topics will be announced on a semester-by-semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 4105 : Medical Microbiology

In-depth study of medical microbes including bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites. Discussion of pathogenesis, disease diagnosis, vaccine design, microbe hunting. Case studies presented. Lab provides hands-on microbiology including diagnostics, horizontal gene transfer, and tissue culture assays.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3595 :D- or BIO 3351 or BIO 3755

BIO 4205 : Cell Biology

The mechanisms of cell signaling, regulation of growth and division, adhesion, movement, macromolecular biosynthesis, processing and trafficking. Important experimental techniques and strategies for study of the eukaryotic cell.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3351 :D- and CHM 2212 :Y :D-

BIO 4285 : Developmental Biology

Mechanisms and patterns of vertebrate embryo development from primordial germ cells to formation of organ systems. Lectures on, and laboratory work with living embryos; microscopic study of prepared embryos; and individual research projects.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3351 :D-

BIO 4305 : Evolution

Process and pattern from micro- and macro-evolutionary perspectives. Evolutionary genetics, natural selection, speciation, macroevolutionary trends, and extinctions. Field, laboratory, and computer approaches.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3351 :D-

BIO 4331 : Biology of Cancer

Coverage of causes, genetics, clinical aspects, and cell biology of cancer from preneoplastic state to invasive metastasis. Includes diagnosis, therapeutics, treatment, and prevention. Coursework in cell and/or molecular biology preferred.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO 4355 : Experimental Genetics

Laboratory exploration and discussion of topics in bacterial, developmental, molecular, population and transmission genetics. Readings in the primary literature are stressed.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3351 :D-

BIO 4451 : Field Ecol and Evol

Advanced study of organisms and ecosystems of a particular region (location varies; has included Florida, Puerto Rico, Nova Scotia). General principles explored using examples from focal area: historical and ecological biogeography, habitat patterns, biotic and abiotic interaction, evolutionary processes, and conservation problems.

Credits

2

Prerequisites

BIO 3012 :D- or BIO 3255 :D- or BIO 4305 :D- or BIO 3505 :D- or BIO 3555 :D- or BIO 3905 :D- or BIO 4485 :D- or BIO 3505 :D-

BIO 4452 : Field Ecol and Evol Lab

Field study of organisms and ecosystems of a focal region. Trip lasting 15-20 days usually in late May to geographical area covered in BIO 4451, with focus on local habitats and conservations projects, field identification, group exercises, and independent research projects. Costs to students and timing vary with site chosen. (2 cr) Sem 2, even year.

Credits

2

Prerequisites

BIO 3012 :D- or BIO 3255 :D- or BIO 4305 :D- and BIO 4451 :Y :D-

BIO 4505 : Molecular Biology

DNA structure, replication, recombination, mutagenesis and repair, transcription, RNA processing, translation and the genetic code, control of gene expression, eukaryotic genome structure. Molecular aspects of immunity, cancer, and AIDS. Laboratory exercises in gene cloning and analysis.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

Minimum Grade: D-

Corequisites

BIO 4605 : Neurobiology

The physiology of the nervous system using vertebrates and invertebrates. The function of nerve cells, synapses, sensory, motor, behavior and learning.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 3055 :D-

BIO 4801 : Conservation Biology

Scope of global biodiversity crisis and causes of endangerment. Ecology of rare and declining species. Biological aspects of species, community, and ecosystem management. Scientific foundation of conservation policy development and implementation.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO 4940 : Topics in Biology

Current topics in biology. Topics will be announced on a semester-by-semester basis. Typically has a course at the 3000-level as a prerequisite. Specific information will be available in the department office.

Credits

2

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 4950 : Advanced Topics in Biology

Coverage of current topics in biology. Topics will be announced on a semester-by-semester basis. Typically has a course at the 3000-level as a prerequisite. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 4955 : Lec+Lab in Adv Topics in Bio.

Advanced topics course with integrated lab. Topics will be announced on a semester-by-semester basis. Typically has a course at the 3000-level as a prerequisite. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 and BIO 2106

BIO 5100 : Senior Seminar

Special topics in modern biology, presented by student lectures and informal discussions. Topics to be announced each semester.

Credits

1

BIO 5200 : Biology Capstone

Special topics in biology, covered through readings from primary and secondary literature, student presentations and/or projects and discussions. Topics to be announced each semester.

Credits

2

BIO 5300 : Biology Capstone

Special topics in biology, covered through readings from primary and secondary literature, student presentations and/or projects, and discussions. Topics to be announced each semester.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO 2105 :D- and BIO 2106 :D-

BIO 6509 : Directed Research

Library &/or laboratory research under student-selected Biology faculty member (can lead to thesis research.) Sem 1&2. Prerequisite: permission of faculty mentor & instructor; 3.0 QPA. Restricted to junior or senior biology & BSC majors. Does not count for biology laboratory credit alone.

Credits

2

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 :D- or HON 1075 :D-) and (BIO 2106 :D- or HON 1076 :D-)

BIO 6609 : Thesis Research I

Laboratory research with Biology faculty member selected by student (part 1 of two-semester sequence). Fall semester. Requires permission of faculty mentor & instructor and 3.0 QPA. Part 1 of two-semester sequence; continues as Thesis Research II, which culminates in a written thesis.

Credits

3

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (BIO 2106 or HON 1076)

Corequisites

BIO 6610 : Thesis Proseminar

Scheduled group meetings with other research students in the department, focusing on general and specific aspects of thesis research. Fall semester. Requires permission of instructor and 3.0 QPA. Continues as Thesis Research II, which culminates in a written thesis. (Corequisites: BIO 6609 or HON 6000 or HON 6001)

Credits

1

Prerequisites

(BIO 2105 or HON 1075) and (BIO 2106 or HON 1076)

Corequisites

BIO 6609 or HON 6000 or HON 6001

BIO 6709 : Thesis Research II

Continuation of Thesis Research I or Directed Research. Laboratory research with Biology faculty member selected by student. Spring semester. Requires permission of faculty mentor & instructor and 3.0 QPA. Culminates in a written thesis. Counts typically for Laboratory credit toward the major.

Credits

2

Prerequisites

BIO 6509 or BIO 6609

Corequisites

BIO 7105 : Vertebrate Ecology

Ecology of vertebrates at individual and population levels, with emphasis on birds and mammals. Natural selection and adaptation; demography; life history ecology and evolution; behavioral ecology; speciation and species interactions; biodiversity and extinction; population viability; and endangered species management. Laboratory exercises, field trips, and student projects complement lecture material, with emphasis on collection and analysis of field data, and on familiarity with regional organisms, habitats, and conservation problems. Prerequisites: BIO 3012 or BIO 3255 or BIO 3405 or BIO 4305, or one equivalent course, or consent of instructor.

Credits

4

BIO 7151 : Biogeochemistry Lec

For each of several elements of the periodic table, this course will focus on patterns of geological abundance, biotic and abiotic factors affecting solubility and therefore availability, and the role of each element in biological systems (deficiency, essentiality, toxicity). While the course will emphasize the essential elements, some attention will be paid to nonessential, but potentially toxic metals.

Credits

2

BIO 7201 : Ecosystem Ecology

Examination of how living organisms interact and role of non-living entities such as climate, soil and atmosphere in large-scale processes. Includes coverage of topics such as biodiversity and ecosystem function, climate change, and link between ecosystem processes, community ecology and genetics. Prerequisite: Course in ecology or permission of instructor.

Credits

3

BIO 7321 : Immunology

Fundamental principles underlying innate and adaptive immunity. Cellular and molecular mechanism of development and function of immune cells including lymphocytes and mechanisms related to self-tolerance, antigen processing and presentation, lymphocyte activation, lymphocyte death and generation of cullular and humoral immune response. Consequences of malfunctioning of the immune response and clinical implications discussed.

Credits

2

BIO 7322 : Immunology Laboratory

Experimental methods used to analyze humoral and cell mediated immune responses. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of immune response, with the focus on the understanding of the rationale behind the methods used and its applicability. Develop skills in researching the literatire related to cellular and molecular immunology.

Credits

2

BIO 7385 : Global Change Ecology

Explores roles of ecology in documenting, responding, feeding back to, and mitigating human-caused changes to Earth's chemistry, geography and climate. Accompanying lab includes ecological techniques, such as carbon flux measurements, and develop independent research projects in the laboratory. Prerequisite: Course in ecology or permission of instructor.

Credits

4

BIO 7451 : Behavioral Ecology

Advanced course in topics relating to animal behavior, including foraging, communication, sexual selection, parental care, and sociality. Emphasis on critical analysis of research papers from the primary literature. Prerequisite: Undergraduate course in ecology or animal behavior or permission of instructor.

Credits

3

BIO 7705 : Plant Ecology

Ecological principles are considered at the plant species, population, community, and ecosystem levels of organization. Topics discussed in detail include ecological plant physiology, succession, productivity of ecosystems, soils, nutrient cycling, the effects of disturbances on ecosystem structure and function, and the major vegetation types in North America. Field and laboratory studies complement the lecture material.

Credits

4

BIO 7755 : Plant Ecophysiology

Plant interactions with the biotic and abiotic environment. Lecture emphasizes plant Anatomical, Morphological, Physiological, and Biochemical adaptations and acclimations determining plant and population survival, performance and distribution in dynamic ecosystems. Laboratory focuses on field methods and techniques culminating in student- driven, independent research projects.

Credits

4

BIO 7805 : Biostatistics & Exper. Design

Conceptualization of experimental design, hypothesis testing, execution of statistical analyses, expression of statistical results, and effective graphical presentation of quantitative data. Includes a written exercise emulating peer-reviewed journal publication.

Credits

4

BIO 7940 : Special Topics in Biology

Current topics in biology. Topics will be announced on a semester by semester basis. Specific information will be available in the department office.

Credits

2

BIO 7950 : Special Topics C/M/D Biology

Current topics in cellular, molecular, and development biology. Topics will be announced on a semester by semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

2

BIO 7955 : Biodiversity & Systematics

Philosophical, methodological and practical aspect of systematics, from species description to phylogeny reconstruction. The role of systematics in comparative biology and its applications in bioogeography, molecular biology, and other fields are investigated. Methods of biodiversity assessment and the implications of biodiversity data for conservation. Emphasis on the practical aspects of data collection, computer-assisted phylogeny reconstruction, and taxon identification.

Credits

4

BIO 7960 : Adv Topics: C/M/D Biology

More intensive coverage of current topics in cellular, molecular, and developmental biology. Topics will be announced on a semester by semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

3

BIO 7962 : Cell, Molecular & Develop Lab

Lab to accompany Advanced Topics or other 3-credit graduate course in Cell, Molecular, and Developmental Biology. Topic to be determined by term. Three hours laboratory per week.

Credits

1

Corequisites

BIO 7960

BIO 7970 : Spec Topics: E/E/O Biology

Current topics in ecological, evolutionary and organismal biology. Topics will be announced on a semester by semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

2

BIO 7980 : Adv Topics: E/E/O Biology

More intensive coverage of current topics in ecological, evolutionary and organismal biology. Topics will be announced on a semester by semester basis. Specific information available in the departmental office.

Credits

3

BIO 7982 : Eco, Evol, & Organismal Lab

Lab to accompany Advanced Topics or other 3-credit graduate course in Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology. Topic to be determined by term. Three hours laboratory per week.

Credits

1

Corequisites

BIO 7980